The vacuum cleaner is an essential appliance that can effectively suck the dust present in a room. Everyone knows how to use it. Today we will be discussing “How Vacuum Cleaner Works.
Short Description of the Vacuum Cleaner
Before going into the technical details, let’s see what a vacuum cleaner is. The vacuum cleaner can be divided into several parts:
The brush or nozzle that serves as the air inlet
- The brush or nozzle that serves as the air inlet
- The hose and/or tube that carries the air to the inside of the vacuum cleaner
- The bag or the tank that holds the dust
- The motor filter that contains the microparticles to protect the motor
- The engine that creates the airflow essential to the operation of the vacuum cleaner
- The air outlet filter that holds the microparticles from the engine to maintain good air quality
- The air outlet that expels the air from the vacuum cleaner
Basic Principles of Operation of the Vacuum Cleaner- How Vacuum Cleaner Works
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In summary, we can say that the vacuum uses its brush or nozzle to straighten the fibers that retain dust while its engine creates a space that sucks dirt and grime. But, let’s see in more detail how this machine operates.
The Phenomenon of Depression
By plugging in the vacuum cleaner, the electric current powers the motor. This process engages a fan that causes a pressure drop behind it (ie, at the back of the unit) and creates a continuous flow of air.
That’s why, as long as the engine is on, the vacuum sucks relentlessly. The depression is expressed in kilo Pascal (kPa): the higher the value, the higher the vacuum is powerful. This airflow mainly sucks dust and small dirt.
The Phenomenon of Friction
But, we had to find another way to suck the big dust and dirt. The phenomenon of friction has made this possible! By using a brush that rubs the floor from front to back, and especially textile surfaces such as carpet, the dust particles peel off the ground and end up in the air. The suction of the device can recover them.
IR Course in the Vacuum Cleaner
Once these principles are in mind, we can easily understand the path taken by the air in the vacuum cleaner. However, since there are two types of vacuum cleaners (with or without a bag), and both are from one of the Best Vacuum Cleaners.
Vacuum Cleaner with Bag
The vacuum cleaner with a bag is the oldest model of the vacuum cleaner. These vacuum cleaner will give you an exact idea on How Vacuum Cleaner Works. Its operating principle has not changed since its creation; only its capabilities and power have evolved. The bag used contains micro-perforations which let the air pass while retaining the big dust. Industrial vacuum cleaners have containers that hold large debris like pieces of wood, plants or soil.
The course of the air is as follows:
- The air enters through the nozzle or the brush and goes up in the hose then the tube to land in the bag.
- The most substantial dust remains trapped in the bag while the air continues its way to the engine filter.
- The motor filter picks up the remaining dust so as not to clog the motor. Air continues its way to the engine and arrives at the exhaust filter.
- The air outlet filter is the last step: it recovers dust from the engine and thus leaves clean air out of the vacuum cleaner.
Vacuum without a Bag- How Vacuum Cleaner Works
The bagless vacuum is the newest model. It was designed to be more practical: no need to buy bags to change it because there is none! Instead, it has a tank with a filter placed at its center that holds dust. Once filled, it is quickly emptied into a bin. Some models are also equipped with a function to empty the tank with a single button, so there is no direct contact with dust.
The course of the air is as follows:
- The air enters through the nozzle or the brush and goes up in the hose then the tube to land in the tank
- The tank has a filter that retains dust while the air continues its way to the engine.
- After passing the engine, air comes to the air outlet filter.
- The air outlet filter recovers dust from the engine and lets clean air out of the vacuum cleaner.
The Different Types of Suction
Finally, let’s finish with the different types of aspiration. There are three of them:
- Horizontal suction : the most classic suction (the one presented in this article) that works on sled vacuums.
- Vertical aspiration : the air does not come into contact with the motor, which makes it possible to suck liquids, it is reserved for broom vacuum cleaners mainly
- Cyclonic suction: the air is projected thanks to the centrifugal force; it is generally reserved for bagels vacuum cleaners.
Now you know everything about the operation of the vacuum cleaner! Do not hesitate to visit our shop to discover our different models of vacuum cleaners.